Most of the trading in the Indian stock market takes place on its two stock exchanges: the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange(NSE). The BSE has been in existence since 1875. The NSE, on the other hand, was founded in 1992 and started trading in 1994. However, both exchanges follow the same trading mechanism, trading hours, settlement process, etc
The two prominent Indian market indexes are Sensex and Nifty. Sensex is the oldest market index for equities; it includes shares of 30 firms listed on the BSE, which represent about 45% of the index's free-float market capitalization.Another index is the S&P CNX Nifty; it includes 50 shares listed on the NSE, which represent about 62% of its free-float market capitalization.
The overall responsibility of development, regulation and supervision of the stock market rests with the Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Equity spot markets follow a T+2 rolling settlement. This means that any trade taking place on Monday, gets settled by Wednesday. All trading on stock exchanges takes place between 9:15 am and 3:30 pm, Monday through Friday. Delivery of shares must be made in dematerialized form, and each exchange has its own clearing house, which assumes all settlement risk, by serving as a central counterparty.
TAX SAVING SCHEME:
RAJIV GANDHI EQUITY SAVINGS SCHEME (RGESS)
Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme (RGESS), is a tax saving scheme announced in the Union Budget2012-13 and further expanded vide Union Budget 2013-14. The scheme is designed exclusively for the first time individual investors in securities market, whose gross total income for the year is below a certain limit. In 2013-14, the income ceiling of the beneficiaries was raised to Rs. 12 lakh from Rs. 10 lakh specified in 2012-13. The investor would get under Section 80CCG of the Income Tax Act, a 50% deduction of the amount invested during the year, up to a maximum investment of Rs. 50,000 per financial year, from his/her taxable income for that year, for three consecutive assessment years.